4-y Roshchinskiy proyezd, 19, Moscow, 115191, Russia
Vvedenskogo kanala 7, St. Petersburg, 190013, Russia


X-ray inspection system ST-2640



The inspection system ST-2640 represents itself a system for inspection of cargo, transported in vehicles, with the aim to detect prohibited enclosures such as weapons, ammunition, explosive substances, drags and fissile materials. Operation of the system is based on the use at scanning the high-energy bremsstrahlung with high penetrating ability that allows receiving on a monitor a high quality radioscopic image of inspected vehicles and transported goods, including construction materials. The system provides inspection of whole cargo, transported in cars, buses or freight vehicles (regardless of location place of prohibited enclosure and stocking density of cargo). A distinctive feature of developed equipment of the system ST-2640 is its principally new functional abilities for determination of physical structure of transported cargo that considerably facilitates operator’s work and increases effectiveness of inspection.

Usage in the system a klystron-based electron linear accelerator with duplet energy modulation together with an innovative method of duplet pulse detection (Russian Patent No. 149560 priority from 10.07.2014), and also with special algorithms of scanned data processing allows reliable discrimination of at least 4 groups of materials by their effective atomic numbers (Zeff) in wide range of mass thickness and mass evaluation of cargo.

Technological equipment of ST-2640 can work in the mode of ultra-penetration ability (up to 460 mm in steel) for parts of inspected objects with lower scanning speed by switching the system operation modes.

Technological equipment of ST-2640 is located in a special concrete protective construction with concrete shielding gates providing radiation safety in accordance with the requirements of SanPiN, OSPORB-99/2010 and NRB-99/2009.

Electron beam energy 6 / 3.5 MeV
Maximal dose rate at the accelerator output 4 Gy/min at 1 m
Pulse repetition rate 2x200 Hz
Image quality
Penetration in steel 400 mm (up to 460 mm at low scanning speed)
Steel wire detection with diameter: without barrier – no more 0.8 mm
  behind 100 mm steel barrier – no more 1.5 mm
Contrast sensitivity at half of maximal penetration no more 0.5%
Number of discriminated by Zeff groups of materials 4
Mass thickness of effective material discrimination from 5 g/cm2 to 140 g/cm2
Throughput up to 25 vehicles in hour
Maximal dimensions of vehicle, m 20×3.0×4.5 (LxWxH)
Radiation safety
Maximal dose absorbed by an object in one scanning lesser 20 μSv
Annual dose for operators and population lesser 1.0 mSv/year
Maximal accumulated dose at 10 cm from outer surface of fencing of the restrictive access zone
lesser 1 μSv per hour
detection system
Scanning height 4.8 m
Total number of detectors (Г-like detector line) 2112
ADC capacity 24 bits
computer system
Basic functions of image analysis

Automatic and manual Image contrast control, histogram equalization, gamma correction, dynamic manipulation of grayscale for whole image and its parts at operator choice, sharpening, filtration, markers, pseudocolor, discrimination of 4 groups of materials by their effective atomic numbers (Zeff), mass evaluation of cargo.